> Fatahillah- The Great Commander who conquest Portuguese

Fatahillah- The Great Commander who conquest Dutch in Jayakarta-Indonesia

Fatahillah- The Great Commander who conquest Dutch in Jayakarta, Indonesia

Indonesia is a country with a very long history on its way to becoming a republic.

Before becoming a republic, Indonesia was a group of many kingdoms spread across many islands in the archipelago.

Famous kingdoms such as The Majapahit, Mataram, and Pajajaran were some of these great kingdoms.

In the following period, the kingdom of Demak emerged, with one of its extraordinary commanders, Fatahillah.

Who is Fatahilah?

Fatahillah or Faletehan was the commander of the Demak-Cirebon Kingdom troops who led the Portuguese conquest of Sunda Kelapa in 1527.

After driving out the Portuguese, he changed the name of Sunda Kelapa to Jayakarta, which means city of victory.

The name Faletehan came from a Portuguese named Joao de Barros in his book Decadas da Asia. However, its origin is still debated by experts.

The Origins of Fatahillah

Some opinion said, that Fatahillah’s real name is Fadhillah Khan or Falatehan, who comes from Pasai, North Aceh.

He is of Arab descent from Gujarat, India, and is still related to the Prophet Muhammad.

His father’s name was Mahdar Ibrahim bin Abdul Ghafur bin Zainal Alam Barakat bin Jamaluddin Al-Husaini.

In 1521, Pasai was captured by the Portuguese led by Alfonso de Albuquerque. Fatahillah then sailed to Mecca to study Islam.

After two or three years in Mecca, he returned to Pasai, but because it was still occupied by the Portuguese, he continued his journey to Java, specifically to Jepara.

In Jepara, he served Sultan Trenggana of Demak, who was the third king of the Demak Kingdom.

Sultan Trenggana gave his sister, Nyai Ratu Pembayun, to Fatahillah to marry

Fatahillah and the Demak kingdom

In the rich tapestry of Indonesia’s history, the Demak Kingdom shines as a beacon of Islamic culture and power.

At its helm stood the illustrious Fatahillah, a legendary commander whose feats of valor and strategic brilliance are still celebrated in the annals of Indonesian lore.

His legacy, intertwined with the rise of Islam in the archipelago, continues to resonate in the heart of Jakarta’s old town.

The Demak Kingdom, founded in the early 16th century, emerged as a formidable Islamic state in Java, Indonesia.

Its strategic location and adherence to Islam attracted merchants, scholars, and warriors, laying the foundation for a prosperous and influential realm.

At the pinnacle of Demak’s power was Fatahillah, a visionary leader whose leadership transformed the kingdom into a dominant force in the region.

Fatahillah’s early life is shrouded in mystery, adding to the allure of his legend.

Some accounts suggest that he was of Persian descent, while others claim he hailed from Arab or Javanese origins.

Regardless of his lineage, Fatahillah’s military acumen and deep-rooted faith in Islam propelled him to the forefront of Demak’s leadership.

The Conquest of Jayakarta

One of Fatahillah’s most renowned achievements was the conquest of Sunda Kelapa, the precursor to modern-day Jakarta.

In 1527, Fatahillah led a decisive campaign that resulted in the surrender of the port city to Demak forces.

Renaming the city Jayakarta, meaning “victorious city,” Fatahillah solidified Demak’s control over the lucrative trade routes of the Sunda Strait.

Under Fatahillah’s rule, Jayakarta flourished as a center of Islamic learning and commerce.

The old town, with its bustling markets and majestic mosques, became a testament to Demak’s cultural and religious vitality.

Fatahillah’s patronage of the arts and sciences further enhanced the city’s reputation as a beacon of Islamic civilization in Southeast Asia.

Fatahillah’s reign, however, was not without its challenges.

Rival kingdoms and European powers, eager to exploit Indonesia’s wealth, posed constant threats to Demak’s sovereignty.

Despite these pressures, Fatahillah’s leadership and diplomatic finesse ensured the kingdom’s survival and continued prosperity.

Fatahillah’s legacy extends beyond his military exploits. His commitment to justice and governance earned him the respect and admiration of his subjects.

His adherence to Islamic principles, coupled with his unwavering resolve, set a high standard for future leaders in the region.

The Jakarta Old Town

Today, Fatahillah’s legacy lives on in Jakarta’s old town, now known as Kota Tua.

The Fatahillah Museum, housed in a former Dutch colonial building, pays homage to the great commander and his contributions to Indonesian history.

you can explore artifacts and exhibits that illuminate Fatahillah’s life and the rich history of the Demak Kingdom.

In conclusion, Fatahillah’s legacy as the great commander of the Demak Kingdom serves as a testament to Indonesia’s rich Islamic heritage.

His leadership, valor, and devotion to Islam continue to inspire generations of Indonesians, reminding them of their rich cultural and historical roots.

As Jakarta’s old town stands as a testament to Fatahillah’s vision and legacy, his story remains an integral part of Indonesia’s narrative,

celebrating the triumphs of its past and inspiring the promise of its future.

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