> 12 Best and Most Famous National Parks in Indonesia

12 Best and Most Famous National Parks in Indonesia

12  Best and Most Famous National Parks in Indonesia

12 Best and Most Famous National Parks in Indonesia

Indonesia, with its diverse landscapes and rich biodiversity, is home to numerous National Parks that showcase the country’s natural beauty.

From lush rainforests to pristine beaches and volcanic landscapes, these protected areas offer a glimpse into Indonesia’s unique ecosystems.

In this article, we’ll explore 12 must-visit National Parks, each with its own distinct charm

1. Komodo Island

12 Best and Most Famous National Parks in Indonesia

Komodo Island is one of the best and most famous national parks in Indonesia.

It is located in the province of East Nusa Tenggara, and close to Labuan Bajo.

This National Park is known as the habitat of Komodo dragons, which is a rare animal and the only one in the world.

So UNESCO designated it as one of the World Heritage.

To visit this place and get up close to this animal you must be accompanied by a tour guide for your safety.

besides seeing Komodo dragons there are still other tourist spots that you can enjoy in this national park

2. West Bali National Park

12 Best and Most Famous National Parks in Indonesia

West Bali National Park is the second National Parks in Indonesia

As the name implies, West Bali National Park, this national park is located on the west side of the island of Bali.

The area of this national park is around 19000 hectares which is divided into about 15,500 hectares for land areas and 3500 hectares for water areas.

This place is known as a place to protect the Bali Starling bird population and other ecosystems such as coral reef ecosystems, mangrove ecosystems, coastal forest ecosystems

and lowland to mountain forest ecosystems

Apart from Bali starlings, West Bali National Park is home to other animals such as buffalo, deer, langurs, bats, various birds, and so on.

3. Semeru Bromo Tengger National Park

12 Best and Most Famous National Parks in Indonesia

The third of National Parks Indonesia is Semeru Bromo Tengger

It is one of the most beautiful national parks in the world, located in East Java province

The area is around 800 square meters and has a 10 km wide sand beach called Tengger

As the name suggests, Semeru Bromo Tengger, this national park presents the beauty of Mount Semeru and the natural beauty of Mount Bromo

There are at least 38 types of protected wildlife consisting of 24 types of birds, 11 types of mammals, 1 type of reptile, and 2 types of insects.

Among several types of rare and endangered animals are the Javanese Eagle (Nisaetus Bartelsi), the Javan Leopard (Panthera pardus), and the Javan Langur (Trachypithecus Auratus).

In this area, there are also 158 types of orchids, 40 of which are classified as rare, including Malaxis Purpureonervosa (endemic to South Semeru)

and Hawarnia tosariensis (endemic to TNBTS).

Meanwhile, Macodes Pentola is a type of orchid that is protected by law

4. Ujung Kulon National Park

12 Best and Most Famous National Parks in Indonesia

Located in Pandeglang Regency, West Java, Ujung Kulon National Park is home to protected endangered animals

On February 1, 1992, the UNESCO World Heritage Commission designated the Ujung Kulon tourist park as a Natural Heritage Site.

Ujung Kulon National Park is home to the endangered Javan Rhino

With an area of ​​around 13,000 hectares, the National Park area is not just a national park but also an interesting natural tourist spot to explore.

There you can enjoy wonderful natural views

5. Gunung Leuser National Park

12 Best and Most Famous National Parks in Indonesia

Source: Lonely Planet

Gunung Leuser is a conservation area for rare animals such as Orangutans, Sumatran tigers, and other rare animals

Located in the province of North Sumatra and the province of Aceh, this conservation area is also a mainstay of tourism on the island of Sumatra

Bukit Lawang and Tangkahan are two places that are excellent regional tourism destinations designated by UNESCO as Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra (TRHS).

This national park takes its name from Mount Leuser which towers 3404 meters above sea level in Aceh

6. Bunaken National Park

12 Best and Most Famous National Parks in Indonesia

Bunaken is the name of an island in North Sulawesi which covers an area of ​​around 8 km

This island is part of the city of Menado and you can reach it in about an hour by speedboat

Around the island of Bunaken, there is the Bunaken Marine Park which is part of the Bunaken National Park.

This marine park has one of the highest marine biodiversity in the world

Bunaken National Park is also a habitat for around 3,000 types of fish,

such as Yellowtail and Gorapa, as well as various types of emperor angelfish, Almaco jack, spotted seahorse, and Blue Stries naper.

In Bunaken, you can dive or snorkel to enjoy the beauty of the underwater  scenery

7. Tanjung Puting National Park

12 Best and Most Famous National Parks in Indonesia

Tanjung Puting National Park is the first rehabilitation area for orangutans in Indonesia

It is located in Central Kalimantan province

This area is inhabited by around 38 types of mammals.  Seven of them are well-known and protected primates,

such as the Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus), the proboscis monkey (Nasalis larvatus), the Bornean gibbon (Hylobates agilis), and the sun bear (Helarctos Malayanus).

With an area of ​​around 415,041 hectares, this place is a very popular tourist destination for tourists visiting the island of Kalimantan.

nowadays the Tanjung Puting National Park become an ecotourism for the surrounding community, thereby helping the local economy

8. Mount Rinjani National Park

12 Best and Most Famous National Parks in Indonesia

Mount Rinjani is a very popular mountain in Indonesia

Most Indonesians only know Mount Rinjani as a place for adventure and climbing

but more than that, this mountain also has a Beautiful national park

Located on the island of Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara, this national park offers extraordinary beauty

With an area of ​​around 41,332 hectares, this area is home to a variety of flora and fauna such as birds, deer, porcupines, and several types of monkeys.

the entry fee is IDR 150,000

Prepare your physical condition if you want to adventure in this hidden paradise

9. Baluran National Park


Baluran National Park is located in East Java province, specifically in Situbondo and Banyuwangi districts

with an area of ​​around 25000 hectares

This park is called Africa van Java because the beauty of the savanna is very similar to that of Africa

Baluran is home to deer, buffalo, long-tailed monkeys and peacocks, and snake

Apart from the savanna, Baluran also has beautiful beaches and mangrove forests

Price of entrance ticket to Baluran National Park as of 2023: local tourists IDR 16,000 on weekdays and IDR 18,500 on holidays

Foreign tourists IDR 165,000 on weekdays and IDR 240,000 on holidays

To visit this park you can rent a car or rent a motorbike from Banyuwangi city

10. Kerinci Seblat National Park

Kerinci Seblat National Park is the largest national park on the island of Sumatra

If Gunung Leuser National Park is in North Sumatra, Kerinci Seblat is in West Sumatra

This area is designated as a tropical rainforest area

This national park also has a variety of flora and fauna.

Around 4,000 plant species grow in the national park area, including the world’s largest flower, Rafflesia Arnoldi, and the world’s tallest flower, Amorphophallus titanum.

The park is home to Sumatran tigers, Sumatran rhinos, Sumatran elephants, clouded leopards, Malayan tapirs, sun bears, and around 370 species of birds.

For foreign tourists, the entry ticket costs IDR 150,000

11. Alas Purwo National Park

This National Park is in East Java province, precisely in Banyuwangi district

Alas Purwo, apart from its beauty, is also famous for its horror stories

This is because Javanese people still believe in something mystical, so there are many mystical stories about this national park

You can enjoy the beauty of the savanna, mangrove forests, and also beautiful beaches for surfing

You can see the harmony of animals such as Javanese bulls, Javanese deer, and green peacocks

If you want to camp, there is also a camping ground available at a cost of around 10 thousand

For foreign tourists, the entry ticket is IDR 150,000

In addition, in this place, there is also a Hindu temple called Pura Giri Selaka also known as the Kawitan Site, which is a temple in the middle of the forest.

One of the rituals that is often carried out in this place is the Pagerwesi ceremony which takes place every 210 days.

12. Menu Betiri National Park

Still on the island of Java, to be precise in Jember and Banyuwangi districts in East Java province

Meru Betiri National Park also offers beautiful natural views

Meru Betiri has the attraction of forests and beaches that are still very pristine.

This national park is very suitable to visit for those of you who are fans of outdoor adventure.

Here there are dozens of protected flora and fauna

In this national park, there is a very beautiful beach called Green Bay Beach ( Teluk Hijau )

Teluk Hijau Beach is a favorite destination in Meru Betiri National Park.

It is called Green Bay because the water is turquoise blue which is caused by algae that grow and live in groups at the bottom of Green Bay Beach.

Teluk Hijau Beach is known for its very clean white sand and 8-meter-high waterfall

Apart from Green Bay Beach, there is also another beach, namely Sukamade Beach, which is a special destination.

This beach is known as a turtle paradise.

Here, tourists can watch turtles lay their eggs directly, see the turtle hatchery, and take part in the activity of releasing hatchlings into the sea.

There are also other animals here such as Javanese tigers, deer, peacocks, leopards, and monkeys








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